how to intext reference harvard

How to Intext Reference using Harvard Style


how to intext reference harvard

Intext referencing is an essential aspect of academic writing, ensuring that you give credit to the original authors for their ideas and supporting evidence. This guide will help you understand how to use the Harvard style of intext referencing effectively. Proper intext referencing adds credibility to your work and allows readers to explore the sources you consulted.

What is Harvard Style Intext Referencing?

The Harvard style is a popular referencing format widely used in academic writing. It follows an author-date system, where the author’s last name and the publication year of the work being cited are included in the intext reference. The full reference list including all the publication details is provided at the end of the document.

The Basics of Intext Referencing

When citing a source within the text of your document, you need to include the author’s last name and the year of publication, enclosed in parentheses. For example: (Smith, 2019).

If you directly quote a specific section from the source, you should also include the page number. For example: (Smith, 2019, p. 45).

Multiple Authors

When a source has multiple authors, you need to list all their last names in the intext reference, separated by an ampersand (&) if there are two authors, or by commas if there are more than two authors. For example: (Johnson & Brown, 2020) or (Smith, Johnson, & Brown, 2020).

Citing Online Sources

When referencing online sources, you should include the author’s name, the year of publication, the title of the webpage or article, the website name, and the URL or DOI (Digital Object Identifier).

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For example: (Robinson, 2018, “Importance of Intext Referencing,” Academic Writing, available at:

Citing Multiple Works by the Same Author

If you are referencing multiple works by the same author, arrange them in chronological order. For example: (Smith, 2016; Smith, 2019).

Quoting and Paraphrasing

When quoting or paraphrasing someone else’s work, it is crucial to provide an intext citation. Even if you rephrase the original idea using your own words, the reference is still needed to acknowledge the source. Failure to do so may result in accusations of plagiarism.

Including Intext References in Your Document

It is important to include intext references throughout your document whenever you cite a source. This allows readers to easily locate the original work in the reference list and verify the information.


Incorporating intext references using the Harvard style is an essential skill for academic writing. By following the rules of intext referencing, you ensure that your work is credible and respected by the academic community. Remember to always consult the appropriate style guide and verify the specific requirements of your institution or publisher.

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