how to treat umhlume

How to Treat Umhlume
how to treat umhlume


Umhlume, also known as the South African tick bite fever, is a common illness caused by the bite of infected ticks. It is characterized by symptoms such as fever, headache, muscle aches, and a skin rash. If left untreated, it can lead to more serious complications. In this article, we will explore various treatment options for umhlume and ways to prevent its spread.

Treatment Options for Umhlume

1. Antibiotics: The primary treatment for umhlume is a course of antibiotics. Tetracycline or doxycycline are commonly prescribed antibiotics that effectively kill the bacteria responsible for the infection. It is important to complete the full course of antibiotics as prescribed by your healthcare provider to ensure complete recovery.

2. Fever and Pain Relief: To alleviate symptoms such as fever, headache, and muscle aches, over-the-counter pain relievers like acetaminophen or ibuprofen can be taken. These medications can help reduce inflammation and provide temporary relief.

3. Rest and Fluids: It is crucial to get plenty of rest and stay hydrated while recovering from umhlume. Adequate rest helps your body fight off the infection, while staying hydrated aids in flushing out toxins and maintaining overall health.

Preventing the Spread of Umhlume

1. Tick Avoidance: To prevent umhlume, it is essential to avoid areas infested with ticks. When spending time outdoors, especially in grassy or wooded areas, wear long-sleeved shirts, long pants, and closed-toe shoes. Use tick repellents containing DEET or permethrin on exposed skin and clothing.

2. Tick Checks: After outdoor activities, thoroughly check your body for any ticks. Ticks often attach themselves to hard-to-see areas, so it is important to examine areas such as the scalp, behind the ears, underarms, and groin.

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3. Tick Removal: If you find a tick attached to your skin, use fine-tipped tweezers to grasp it as close to the skin’s surface as possible. Gently pull upward with steady pressure, taking care not to twist or jerk the tick. Once removed, clean the bite area with soap and water or an antiseptic solution.

When to Seek Medical Attention

While umhlume can usually be treated at home, it is important to seek medical attention if:

  • The symptoms worsen or persist for more than a week
  • Signs of secondary infections develop
  • You experience difficulty breathing or chest pain
  • There are signs of neurological problems

Your healthcare provider will be able to evaluate your condition and provide appropriate medical care.


Treating umhlume involves a combination of antibiotics, symptom relief, and proper rest. By following preventive measures such as tick avoidance and regular tick checks, you can reduce the risk of contracting umhlume. If you experience persistent or severe symptoms, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

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