what is a revolving loan

What is a Revolving Loan and How Does it Work?

A revolving loan is a type of loan that provides borrowers with a maximum credit limit, which they can use repeatedly over a certain period of time. Unlike a traditional term loan, where the borrower receives a lump sum and repays it over a fixed period, a revolving loan allows borrowers to withdraw, repay, and re-borrow funds multiple times.

How Does a Revolving Loan Work?

When you apply for a revolving loan, the lender provides you with a maximum credit limit based on factors such as your creditworthiness, income, and financial history. This credit limit represents the total amount you can borrow from the lender.

Once you have been approved for a revolving loan, you can access funds whenever you need them, up to the maximum credit limit. You can withdraw funds in any amount, at any time, and use them for any purpose. For example, you might use the funds from a revolving loan to cover unexpected expenses, consolidate debt, or finance a home renovation project.

what is a revolving loan

Unlike a traditional term loan, where you make fixed payments over a set period of time, a revolving loan offers more flexibility in repayment. You only need to make minimum monthly payments, which are typically calculated as a percentage of the outstanding balance. This means you have the option to repay the entire balance or make partial payments, as long as you meet the minimum monthly payment requirement.

As you repay the borrowed funds, your available credit limit is replenished. This means that you can continue to borrow and repay funds from the revolving loan as long as you have available credit.

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Types of Revolving Loans

There are various types of revolving loans available, depending on the purpose and repayment terms:

1. Credit Cards

One of the most well-known types of revolving loans is a credit card. Credit cards provide users with a revolving line of credit that can be used for purchases, cash advances, and balance transfers. Cardholders have the flexibility to repay the borrowed amount in full by the due date or make minimum payments and carry a balance from month to month.

2. Home Equity Lines of Credit (HELOC)

A home equity line of credit (HELOC) is a revolving loan that allows homeowners to borrow against the equity in their homes. Similar to a credit card, a HELOC provides a maximum credit limit, and borrowers can withdraw funds as needed. The interest rates for HELOCs are typically lower than credit cards, and the interest may be tax-deductible, depending on the borrower’s circumstances.

3. Business Lines of Credit

Business lines of credit are revolving loans designed specifically for businesses. They provide access to funds that can be used for various business expenses, such as inventory purchases, equipment upgrades, or covering cash flow gaps. Business owners can borrow and repay funds as needed, and interest is typically only charged on the amount borrowed.

Advantages of Revolving Loans

Revolving loans offer several benefits for borrowers:

1. Flexibility

Revolving loans provide borrowers with the flexibility to access funds whenever they need them, up to the maximum credit limit. This can be particularly useful for covering unexpected expenses or managing fluctuating cash flows.

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2. Cost-Effective

Compared to other types of loans, such as payday loans or credit card cash advances, revolving loans often have lower interest rates. This makes them a more cost-effective option for borrowing money.

3. Convenient Repayment

The minimum monthly payment requirement for revolving loans is usually lower than the fixed monthly payments required by traditional loans. This can provide borrowers with more manageable repayment options.

4. Reusable Credit

One of the key advantages of a revolving loan is the ability to borrow and repay funds multiple times, as long as you have available credit. This eliminates the need to reapply for a loan each time you need additional funds.


Overall, a revolving loan is a flexible and convenient borrowing option that allows individuals and businesses to access funds up to a maximum credit limit. With the ability to withdraw, repay, and re-borrow funds, borrowers have greater control over their financial needs and can manage unexpected expenses or cash flow fluctuations more effectively.

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